»Allocations HTTP API

The /allocation endpoints are used to query for and interact with allocations.

»List Allocations

This endpoint lists all allocations.

MethodPathProduces
GET/v1/allocationsapplication/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
YESnamespace:read-job

»Parameters

  • prefix (string: "")- Specifies a string to filter allocations based on an ID prefix. Because the value is decoded to bytes, the prefix must have an even number of hexadecimal characters (0-9a-f). This is specified as a query string parameter.

  • namespace (string: "default") - Specifies the namespace to search. Specifying * would return all allocations across all the authorized namespaces.

  • resources (bool: false) - Specifies whether or not to include the AllocatedResources field in the response.

  • task_states (bool: true) - Specifies whether or not to include the TaskStates field in the response. TaskStates are included by default but can represent a large percentage of the overall response size. Clusters with a large number of allocations may set task_states=false to significantly reduce the size of the response.

»Sample Request

$ curl \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/allocations
$ curl \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/allocations?prefix=a8198d79
$ curl \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/allocations?namespace=*&prefix=a8198d79

»Sample Response

[
  {
    "ID": "a8198d79-cfdb-6593-a999-1e9adabcba2e",
    "EvalID": "5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577",
    "Name": "example.cache[0]",
    "NodeID": "fb2170a8-257d-3c64-b14d-bc06cc94e34c",
    "PreviousAllocation": "516d2753-0513-cfc7-57ac-2d6fac18b9dc",
    "NextAllocation": "cd13d9b9-4f97-7184-c88b-7b451981616b",
    "RescheduleTracker": {
      "Events": [
        {
          "PrevAllocID": "516d2753-0513-cfc7-57ac-2d6fac18b9dc",
          "PrevNodeID": "9230cd3b-3bda-9a3f-82f9-b2ea8dedb20e",
          "RescheduleTime": 1517434161192946200,
          "Delay": "5000000000"
        }
      ]
    },
    "JobID": "example",
    "TaskGroup": "cache",
    "DesiredStatus": "run",
    "DesiredDescription": "",
    "ClientStatus": "running",
    "ClientDescription": "",
    "TaskStates": {
      "redis": {
        "State": "running",
        "FinishedAt": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z",
        "LastRestart": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z",
        "Restarts": 0,
        "StartedAt": "2017-07-25T23:36:26.106431265Z",
        "Failed": false,
        "Events": [
          {
            "Type": "Received",
            "Time": 1495747371795703800,
            "FailsTask": false,
            "RestartReason": "",
            "SetupError": "",
            "DriverError": "",
            "ExitCode": 0,
            "Signal": 0,
            "Message": "",
            "KillTimeout": 0,
            "KillError": "",
            "KillReason": "",
            "StartDelay": 0,
            "DownloadError": "",
            "ValidationError": "",
            "DiskLimit": 0,
            "FailedSibling": "",
            "VaultError": "",
            "TaskSignalReason": "",
            "TaskSignal": "",
            "DriverMessage": ""
          },
          {
            "Type": "Driver",
            "Time": 1495747371798867200,
            "FailsTask": false,
            "RestartReason": "",
            "SetupError": "",
            "DriverError": "",
            "ExitCode": 0,
            "Signal": 0,
            "Message": "",
            "KillTimeout": 0,
            "KillError": "",
            "KillReason": "",
            "StartDelay": 0,
            "DownloadError": "",
            "ValidationError": "",
            "DiskLimit": 0,
            "FailedSibling": "",
            "VaultError": "",
            "TaskSignalReason": "",
            "TaskSignal": "",
            "DriverMessage": "Downloading image redis:3.2"
          },
          {
            "Type": "Started",
            "Time": 1495747379525667800,
            "FailsTask": false,
            "RestartReason": "",
            "SetupError": "",
            "DriverError": "",
            "ExitCode": 0,
            "Signal": 0,
            "Message": "",
            "KillTimeout": 0,
            "KillError": "",
            "KillReason": "",
            "StartDelay": 0,
            "DownloadError": "",
            "ValidationError": "",
            "DiskLimit": 0,
            "FailedSibling": "",
            "VaultError": "",
            "TaskSignalReason": "",
            "TaskSignal": "",
            "DriverMessage": ""
          }
        ]
      }
    },
    "CreateIndex": 54,
    "ModifyIndex": 57,
    "CreateTime": 1495747371794276400,
    "ModifyTime": 1495747371794276400
  }
]

»Read Allocation

This endpoint reads information about a specific allocation.

MethodPathProduces
GET/v1/allocation/:alloc_idapplication/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
YESnamespace:read-job

»Parameters

  • :alloc_id (string: <required>)- Specifies the UUID of the allocation. This must be the full UUID, not the short 8-character one. This is specified as part of the path.

»Sample Request

$ curl \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/allocation/5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577

»Sample Response

{
  "ID": "a8198d79-cfdb-6593-a999-1e9adabcba2e",
  "EvalID": "5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577",
  "Name": "example.cache[0]",
  "NodeID": "fb2170a8-257d-3c64-b14d-bc06cc94e34c",
  "PreviousAllocation": "516d2753-0513-cfc7-57ac-2d6fac18b9dc",
  "NextAllocation": "cd13d9b9-4f97-7184-c88b-7b451981616b",
  "RescheduleTracker": {
    "Events": [
      {
        "PrevAllocID": "516d2753-0513-cfc7-57ac-2d6fac18b9dc",
        "PrevNodeID": "9230cd3b-3bda-9a3f-82f9-b2ea8dedb20e",
        "RescheduleTime": 1517434161192946200,
        "Delay": "5000000000"
      }
    ]
  },
  "JobID": "example",
  "Job": {
    "Region": "global",
    "ID": "example",
    "ParentID": "",
    "Name": "example",
    "Type": "service",
    "Priority": 50,
    "AllAtOnce": false,
    "Datacenters": ["dc1"],
    "Constraints": null,
    "Affinities": null,
    "TaskGroups": [
      {
        "Name": "cache",
        "Count": 1,
        "Constraints": null,
        "Affinities": null,
        "RestartPolicy": {
          "Attempts": 10,
          "Interval": 300000000000,
          "Delay": 25000000000,
          "Mode": "delay"
        },
        "Spreads": null,
        "Tasks": [
          {
            "Name": "redis",
            "Driver": "docker",
            "User": "",
            "Config": {
              "port_map": [
                {
                  "db": 6379
                }
              ],
              "image": "redis:3.2"
            },
            "Env": null,
            "Services": [
              {
                "Name": "redis-cache",
                "PortLabel": "db",
                "Tags": ["global", "cache"],
                "Checks": [
                  {
                    "Name": "alive",
                    "Type": "tcp",
                    "Command": "",
                    "Args": null,
                    "Path": "",
                    "Protocol": "",
                    "PortLabel": "",
                    "Interval": 10000000000,
                    "Timeout": 2000000000,
                    "InitialStatus": ""
                  }
                ]
              }
            ],
            "Vault": null,
            "Templates": null,
            "Constraints": null,
            "Affinities": null,
            "Resources": {
              "CPU": 500,
              "MemoryMB": 10,
              "DiskMB": 0,
              "Networks": [
                {
                  "Device": "",
                  "CIDR": "",
                  "IP": "",
                  "MBits": 10,
                  "ReservedPorts": null,
                  "DynamicPorts": [
                    {
                      "Label": "db",
                      "Value": 0
                    }
                  ]
                }
              ]
            },
            "Spreads": null,
            "DispatchPayload": null,
            "Meta": null,
            "KillTimeout": 5000000000,
            "LogConfig": {
              "MaxFiles": 10,
              "MaxFileSizeMB": 10
            },
            "Artifacts": null,
            "Leader": false
          }
        ],
        "EphemeralDisk": {
          "Sticky": false,
          "SizeMB": 300,
          "Migrate": false
        },
        "Meta": null
      }
    ],
    "Update": {
      "Stagger": 10000000000,
      "MaxParallel": 0
    },
    "Periodic": null,
    "ParameterizedJob": null,
    "Payload": null,
    "Spreads": null,
    "Meta": null,
    "VaultToken": "",
    "Status": "pending",
    "StatusDescription": "",
    "CreateIndex": 52,
    "ModifyIndex": 52,
    "JobModifyIndex": 52
  },
  "TaskGroup": "cache",
  "Resources": {
    "CPU": 500,
    "MemoryMB": 10,
    "DiskMB": 300,
    "Networks": [
      {
        "Device": "lo0",
        "CIDR": "",
        "IP": "127.0.0.1",
        "MBits": 10,
        "ReservedPorts": null,
        "DynamicPorts": [
          {
            "Label": "db",
            "Value": 23116
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  "SharedResources": {
    "CPU": 0,
    "MemoryMB": 0,
    "DiskMB": 300,
    "Networks": null
  },
  "TaskResources": {
    "redis": {
      "CPU": 500,
      "MemoryMB": 10,
      "DiskMB": 0,
      "Networks": [
        {
          "Device": "lo0",
          "CIDR": "",
          "IP": "127.0.0.1",
          "MBits": 10,
          "ReservedPorts": null,
          "DynamicPorts": [
            {
              "Label": "db",
              "Value": 23116
            }
          ]
        }
      ]
    }
  },
  "Metrics": {
    "NodesEvaluated": 1,
    "NodesFiltered": 0,
    "NodesAvailable": {
      "dc1": 1
    },
    "ClassFiltered": null,
    "ConstraintFiltered": null,
    "NodesExhausted": 0,
    "ClassExhausted": null,
    "DimensionExhausted": null,
    "Scores": {
      "fb2170a8-257d-3c64-b14d-bc06cc94e34c.binpack": 0.6205732522109244
    },
    "AllocationTime": 31729,
    "CoalescedFailures": 0
  },
  "DesiredStatus": "run",
  "DesiredDescription": "",
  "ClientStatus": "running",
  "ClientDescription": "",
  "TaskStates": {
    "redis": {
      "State": "running",
      "Failed": false,
      "FinishedAt": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z",
      "LastRestart": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z",
      "Restarts": 0,
      "StartedAt": "2017-07-25T23:36:26.106431265Z",
      "Events": [
        {
          "Type": "Received",
          "Time": 1495747371795703800,
          "FailsTask": false,
          "RestartReason": "",
          "SetupError": "",
          "DriverError": "",
          "ExitCode": 0,
          "Signal": 0,
          "Message": "",
          "KillTimeout": 0,
          "KillError": "",
          "KillReason": "",
          "StartDelay": 0,
          "DownloadError": "",
          "ValidationError": "",
          "DiskLimit": 0,
          "FailedSibling": "",
          "VaultError": "",
          "TaskSignalReason": "",
          "TaskSignal": "",
          "DriverMessage": ""
        },
        {
          "Type": "Driver",
          "Time": 1495747371798867200,
          "FailsTask": false,
          "RestartReason": "",
          "SetupError": "",
          "DriverError": "",
          "ExitCode": 0,
          "Signal": 0,
          "Message": "",
          "KillTimeout": 0,
          "KillError": "",
          "KillReason": "",
          "StartDelay": 0,
          "DownloadError": "",
          "ValidationError": "",
          "DiskLimit": 0,
          "FailedSibling": "",
          "VaultError": "",
          "TaskSignalReason": "",
          "TaskSignal": "",
          "DriverMessage": "Downloading image redis:3.2"
        },
        {
          "Type": "Started",
          "Time": 1495747379525667800,
          "FailsTask": false,
          "RestartReason": "",
          "SetupError": "",
          "DriverError": "",
          "ExitCode": 0,
          "Signal": 0,
          "Message": "",
          "KillTimeout": 0,
          "KillError": "",
          "KillReason": "",
          "StartDelay": 0,
          "DownloadError": "",
          "ValidationError": "",
          "DiskLimit": 0,
          "FailedSibling": "",
          "VaultError": "",
          "TaskSignalReason": "",
          "TaskSignal": "",
          "DriverMessage": ""
        }
      ]
    }
  },
  "PreviousAllocation": "",
  "CreateIndex": 54,
  "ModifyIndex": 57,
  "AllocModifyIndex": 54,
  "CreateTime": 1495747371794276400,
  "ModifyTime": 1495747371794276400
}

»Field Reference

  • Job - A copy of the job at the time that the allocation is created or updated. This is primarily intended for use by the Nomad client when running the allocation, and it may include stale information on some job fields. Up-to-date information about the job status is available from the jobs API; take care to fetch the version of the job associated with this allocation.

  • TaskStates - A map of tasks to their current state and the latest events that have effected the state. TaskState objects contain the following fields:

    • State: The task's current state. It can have one of the following values:

    • StartedAt: The time the task was last started at. Can be updated through restarts.

    • FinishedAt: The time the task was finished at.

    • LastRestart: The last time the task was restarted.

    • Restarts: The number of times the task has restarted.

    • Events - An event contains metadata about the event. The latest 10 events are stored per task. Each event is timestamped (Unix nanoseconds) and has one of the following types:

      Depending on the type the event will have applicable annotations.

»Stop Allocation

This endpoint stops and reschedules a specific allocation.

MethodPathProduces
POST / PUT/v1/allocation/:alloc_id/stopapplication/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
NOnamespace:alloc-lifecycle

»Parameters

  • :alloc_id (string: <required>)- Specifies the UUID of the allocation. This must be the full UUID, not the short 8-character one. This is specified as part of the path.

»Sample Request

$ curl -X POST \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/allocation/5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577/stop

»Sample Response

{
  "EvalID": "5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577",
  "Index": 54
}

»Signal Allocation

This endpoint sends a signal to an allocation or task.

MethodPathProduces
POST / PUT/v1/client/allocation/:alloc_id/signalapplication/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
NOnamespace:alloc-lifecycle

»Parameters

  • :alloc_id (string: <required>)- Specifies the UUID of the allocation. This must be the full UUID, not the short 8-character one. This is specified as part of the path.

»Sample Payload

{
  "Signal": "SIGUSR1",
  "Task": "FOO"
}

»Sample Request

$ curl -X POST -d '{"Signal": "SIGUSR1" }' \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/client/allocation/5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577/signal

»Sample Response

{}

»Restart Allocation

This endpoint restarts an allocation or task in-place.

MethodPathProduces
POST / PUT/v1/client/allocation/:alloc_id/restartapplication/json

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
NOnamespace:alloc-lifecycle

»Parameters

  • :alloc_id (string: <required>)- Specifies the UUID of the allocation. This must be the full UUID, not the short 8-character one. This is specified as part of the path.

»Sample Payload

{
  "Task": "FOO"
}

»Sample Request

$ curl -X POST -d '{"Task": "redis" }' \
    https://localhost:4646/v1/client/allocation/5456bd7a-9fc0-c0dd-6131-cbee77f57577/restart

»Sample Response

{}

»Exec Allocation

This endpoint executes a command inside the isolation container where an allocation is running. It opens a WebSocket to transmit input to and output from the command.

MethodPathProduces
WebSocket/v1/client/allocation/:alloc_id/execWebSocket JSON streams

The table below shows this endpoint's support for blocking queries and required ACLs.

Blocking QueriesACL Required
NOnamespace:alloc-exec (and namespace:alloc-node-exec if target task uses raw_exec driver)

»Parameters

  • :alloc_id (string: <required>)- Specifies the UUID of the allocation. This must be the full UUID, not the short 8-character one. This is specified as part of the path.
  • command (string: <required>) - Specifies the command to be executed. This must be a JSON-encoded array of the command to be executed, e.g. ["echo", "hi"] or ["/bin/bash"]. This is specified as a query parameter.
  • task (string: <required>) - Specifies the task name, as a query parameter.
  • tty (bool: false) - Specifies whether a TTY is allocated for this task, as a query parameter.
  • ws_handshake (bool: false) - Specifies whether to expect the authentication token in the first frame, as a query parameter.

»Request Frames

Request frames represent the stdin stream from the command as well as TTY resize events. When ?ws_handshake=true, the first request frame must contain the authentication token.

The following are valid formats:

# sending authentication token
{"version":1,"auth_token":"fc3c1968-8d31-5c50-9617-3db2e19ef32e"}

# sending stdin data
{"stdin": {"data": "...base64 encoded string of bytes ..."}}

# indicating stdin is closed
{"stdin": {"close": true}}

# indicating that TTY was resized
{"tty_size": {"height": <characters>, "width": <characters>}}

# basic application-level heartbeat
{}

»Response Frames

Response frames represent stdout and stderr output from the command as well as exit codes:

# transferring stdout data
{"stdout": {"data": "...base64 encoded string of bytes ..."}}

# signaling that host closed stdout
{"stdout": {"close": true}}

# transferring stderr data
{"stderr": {"data": "...base64 encoded string of bytes ..."}}

# signaling that host closed stderr
{"stderr": {"close": true}}

# signaling process exited
{"exited": true, "result": {"exit_code": <exit_code_int>}}

# basic application-level heartbeat
{}

»Sample Request and Response

Request and response frames encompass the full range of terminal emulator inputs and outputs, including the control characters necessary to render interactive applications. The example response includes instances of the ANSI “control sequence introducer” (CSI), which is ASCII code 27 followed by [.

# \x12: form feed, to clear terminal
{"stdin":{"data":"DA=="}}

# "\x1b[H\x1b[2J$ ":
# CSI-H (move cursor to top left corner), CSI-2J (clear entire screen), print "$ "
{"stdout":{"data":"G1tIG1sySiQg"}}