» client Stanza

Placement client

The client stanza configures the Nomad agent to accept jobs as assigned by the Nomad server, join the cluster, and specify driver-specific configuration.

client {
  enabled = true
  servers = ["1.2.3.4:4647", "5.6.7.8:4647"]
}

» client Parameters

  • alloc_dir (string: "[data_dir]/alloc") - Specifies the directory to use for allocation data. By default, this is the top-level data_dir suffixed with "alloc", like "/opt/nomad/alloc". This must be an absolute path.

  • chroot_env (ChrootEnv: nil) - Specifies a key-value mapping that defines the chroot environment for jobs using the Exec and Java drivers.

  • enabled (bool: false) - Specifies if client mode is enabled. All other client configuration options depend on this value.

  • max_kill_timeout (string: "30s") - Specifies the maximum amount of time a job is allowed to wait to exit. Individual jobs may customize their own kill timeout, but it may not exceed this value.

  • meta (map[string]string: nil) - Specifies a key-value map that annotates with user-defined metadata.

  • network_interface (string: varied) - Specifies the name of the interface to force network fingerprinting on. When run in dev mode, this defaults to the loopback interface. When not in dev mode, the interface attached to the default route is used. All IP addresses except those scoped local for IPV6 on the chosen interface are fingerprinted. The scheduler chooses from those IP addresses when allocating ports for tasks.

  • network_speed (int: 0) - Specifies an override for the network link speed. This value, if set, overrides any detected or defaulted link speed. Most clients can determine their speed automatically, and thus in most cases this should be left unset.

  • cpu_total_compute (int: 0) - Specifies an override for the total CPU compute. This value should be set to # Cores * Core MHz. For example, a quad-core running at 2 GHz would have a total compute of 8000 (4 * 2000). Most clients can determine their total CPU compute automatically, and thus in most cases this should be left unset.

  • memory_total_mb (int:0) - Specifies an override for the total memory. If set, this value overrides any detected memory.

  • node_class (string: "") - Specifies an arbitrary string used to logically group client nodes by user-defined class. This can be used during job placement as a filter.

  • options (Options: nil) - Specifies a key-value mapping of internal configuration for clients, such as for driver configuration.

  • reserved (Reserved: nil) - Specifies that Nomad should reserve a portion of the node's resources from receiving tasks. This can be used to target a certain capacity usage for the node. For example, 20% of the node's CPU could be reserved to target a CPU utilization of 80%.

  • servers (array<string>: []) - Specifies an array of addresses to the Nomad servers this client should join. This list is used to register the client with the server nodes and advertise the available resources so that the agent can receive work. This may be specified as an IP address or DNS, with or without the port. If the port is omitted, the default port of 4647 is used.

  • server_join (server_join: nil) - Specifies how the Nomad client will connect to Nomad servers. The start_join field is not supported on the client. The retry_join fields may directly specify the server address or use go-discover syntax for auto-discovery. See the documentation for more detail.

  • state_dir (string: "[data_dir]/client") - Specifies the directory to use to store client state. By default, this is - the top-level data_dir suffixed with "client", like "/opt/nomad/client". This must be an absolute path.

  • gc_interval (string: "1m") - Specifies the interval at which Nomad attempts to garbage collect terminal allocation directories.

  • gc_disk_usage_threshold (float: 80) - Specifies the disk usage percent which Nomad tries to maintain by garbage collecting terminal allocations.

  • gc_inode_usage_threshold (float: 70) - Specifies the inode usage percent which Nomad tries to maintain by garbage collecting terminal allocations.

  • gc_max_allocs (int: 50) - Specifies the maximum number of allocations which a client will track before triggering a garbage collection of terminal allocations. This will not limit the number of allocations a node can run at a time, however after gc_max_allocs every new allocation will cause terminal allocations to be GC'd.

  • gc_parallel_destroys (int: 2) - Specifies the maximum number of parallel destroys allowed by the garbage collector. This value should be relatively low to avoid high resource usage during garbage collections.

  • no_host_uuid (bool: true) - By default a random node UUID will be generated, but setting this to false will use the system's UUID. Before Nomad 0.6 the default was to use the system UUID.

» chroot_env Parameters

Drivers based on isolated fork/exec implement file system isolation using chroot on Linux. The chroot_env map allows the chroot environment to be configured using source paths on the host operating system. The mapping format is:

source_path -> dest_path

The following example specifies a chroot which contains just enough to run the ls utility:

client {
  chroot_env {
    "/bin/ls"           = "/bin/ls"
    "/etc/ld.so.cache"  = "/etc/ld.so.cache"
    "/etc/ld.so.conf"   = "/etc/ld.so.conf"
    "/etc/ld.so.conf.d" = "/etc/ld.so.conf.d"
    "/lib"              = "/lib"
    "/lib64"            = "/lib64"
  }
}

When chroot_env is unspecified, the exec driver will use a default chroot environment with the most commonly used parts of the operating system. Please see the Nomad exec driver documentation for the full list.

» options Parameters

The following is not an exhaustive list of options for only the Nomad client. To find the options supported by each individual Nomad driver, please see the drivers documentation.

  • "driver.whitelist" (string: "") - Specifies a comma-separated list of whitelisted drivers . If specified, drivers not in the whitelist will be disabled. If the whitelist is empty, all drivers are fingerprinted and enabled where applicable.

    client {
      options = {
        "driver.whitelist" = "docker,qemu"
      }
    }
    
  • "driver.blacklist" (string: "") - Specifies a comma-separated list of blacklisted drivers . If specified, drivers in the blacklist will be disabled.

    client {
      options = {
        "driver.blacklist" = "docker,qemu"
      }
    }
    
  • "env.blacklist" (string: see below) - Specifies a comma-separated list of environment variable keys not to pass to these tasks. Nomad passes the host environment variables to exec, raw_exec and java tasks. If specified, the defaults are overridden. If a value is provided, all defaults are overridden (they are not merged).

    client {
      options = {
        "env.blacklist" = "MY_CUSTOM_ENVVAR"
      }
    }
    

    The default list is:

    CONSUL_TOKEN
    VAULT_TOKEN
    AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID
    AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY
    AWS_SESSION_TOKEN
    GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
    
  • "user.blacklist" (string: see below) - Specifies a comma-separated blacklist of usernames for which a task is not allowed to run. This only applies if the driver is included in "user.checked_drivers". If a value is provided, all defaults are overridden (they are not merged).

    client {
      options = {
        "user.blacklist" = "root,ubuntu"
      }
    }
    

    The default list is:

    root
    Administrator
    
  • "user.checked_drivers" (string: see below) - Specifies a comma-separated list of drivers for which to enforce the "user.blacklist". For drivers using containers, this enforcement is usually unnecessary. If a value is provided, all defaults are overridden (they are not merged).

    client {
      options = {
        "user.checked_drivers" = "exec,raw_exec"
      }
    }
    

    The default list is:

    exec
    qemu
    java
    
  • "fingerprint.whitelist" (string: "") - Specifies a comma-separated list of whitelisted fingerprinters. If specified, any fingerprinters not in the whitelist will be disabled. If the whitelist is empty, all fingerprinters are used.

    client {
      options = {
        "fingerprint.whitelist" = "network"
      }
    }
    
  • "fingerprint.blacklist" (string: "") - Specifies a comma-separated list of blacklisted fingerprinters. If specified, any fingerprinters in the blacklist will be disabled.

    client {
      options = {
        "fingerprint.blacklist" = "network"
      }
    }
    
  • "fingerprint.network.disallow_link_local" (string: "false") - Specifies whether the network fingerprinter should ignore link-local addresses in the case that no globally routable address is found. The fingerprinter will always prefer globally routable addresses.

    client {
      options = {
        "fingerprint.network.disallow_link_local" = "true"
      }
    }
    

» reserved Parameters

  • cpu (int: 0) - Specifies the amount of CPU to reserve, in MHz.

  • memory (int: 0) - Specifies the amount of memory to reserve, in MB.

  • disk (int: 0) - Specifies the amount of disk to reserve, in MB.

  • reserved_ports (string: "") - Specifies a comma-separated list of ports to reserve on all fingerprinted network devices. Ranges can be specified by using a hyphen separated the two inclusive ends.

» client Examples

» Common Setup

This example shows the most basic configuration for a Nomad client joined to a cluster.

client {
  enabled = true
  server_join {
    retry_join = [ "1.1.1.1", "2.2.2.2" ]
    retry_max = 3
    retry_interval = "15s"
  }
}

» Reserved Resources

This example shows a sample configuration for reserving resources to the client. This is useful if you want to allocate only a portion of the client's resources to jobs.

client {
  enabled = true

  reserved {
    cpu            = 500
    memory         = 512
    disk           = 1024
    reserved_ports = "22,80,8500-8600"
  }
}

» Custom Metadata, Network Speed, and Node Class

This example shows a client configuration which customizes the metadata, network speed, and node class.

client {
  enabled       = true
  network_speed = 500
  node_class    = "prod"

  meta {
    "owner" = "ops"
  }
}