» server Stanza

Placement server

The server stanza configures the Nomad agent to operate in server mode to participate in scheduling decisions, register with service discovery, handle join failures, and more.

server {
  enabled          = true
  bootstrap_expect = 3
  server_join {
    retry_join = [ "1.1.1.1", "2.2.2.2" ]
    retry_max = 3
    retry_interval = "15s"
  }
}

» server Parameters

  • authoritative_region (string: "") - Specifies the authoritative region, which provides a single source of truth for global configurations such as ACL Policies and global ACL tokens. Non-authoritative regions will replicate from the authoritative to act as a mirror. By default, the local region is assumed to be authoritative.

  • bootstrap_expect (int: required) - Specifies the number of server nodes to wait for before bootstrapping. It is most common to use the odd-numbered integers 3 or 5 for this value, depending on the cluster size. A value of 1 does not provide any fault tolerance and is not recommended for production use cases.

  • data_dir (string: "[data_dir]/server") - Specifies the directory to use - for server-specific data, including the replicated log. By default, this is - the top-level data_dir suffixed with "server", like "/opt/nomad/server". This must be an absolute path.

  • enabled (bool: false) - Specifies if this agent should run in server mode. All other server options depend on this value being set.

  • enabled_schedulers (array<string>: [all]) - Specifies which sub-schedulers this server will handle. This can be used to restrict the evaluations that worker threads will dequeue for processing.

  • encrypt (string: "") - Specifies the secret key to use for encryption of Nomad server's gossip network traffic. This key must be 16 bytes that are base64-encoded. The provided key is automatically persisted to the data directory and loaded automatically whenever the agent is restarted. This means that to encrypt Nomad server's gossip protocol, this option only needs to be provided once on each agent's initial startup sequence. If it is provided after Nomad has been initialized with an encryption key, then the provided key is ignored and a warning will be displayed. See the encryption documentation for more details on this option and its impact on the cluster.

  • node_gc_threshold (string: "24h") - Specifies how long a node must be in a terminal state before it is garbage collected and purged from the system. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h".

  • job_gc_threshold (string: "4h") - Specifies the minimum time a job must be in the terminal state before it is eligible for garbage collection. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h".

  • eval_gc_threshold (string: "1h") - Specifies the minimum time an evaluation must be in the terminal state before it is eligible for garbage collection. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h".

  • deployment_gc_threshold (string: "1h") - Specifies the minimum time a deployment must be in the terminal state before it is eligible for garbage collection. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h".

  • heartbeat_grace (string: "10s") - Specifies the additional time given as a grace period beyond the heartbeat TTL of nodes to account for network and processing delays as well as clock skew. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h".

  • min_heartbeat_ttl (string: "10s") - Specifies the minimum time between node heartbeats. This is used as a floor to prevent excessive updates. This is specified using a label suffix like "30s" or "1h". Lowering the minimum TTL is a tradeoff as it lowers failure detection time of nodes at the tradeoff of false positives and increased load on the leader.

  • max_heartbeats_per_second (float: 50.0) - Specifies the maximum target rate of heartbeats being processed per second. This allows the TTL to be increased to meet the target rate. Increasing the maximum heartbeats per second is a tradeoff as it lowers failure detection time of nodes at the tradeoff of false positives and increased load on the leader.

  • non_voting_server (bool: false) - (Enterprise-only) Specifies whether this server will act as a non-voting member of the cluster to help provide read scalability.

  • num_schedulers (int: [num-cores]) - Specifies the number of parallel scheduler threads to run. This can be as many as one per core, or 0 to disallow this server from making any scheduling decisions. This defaults to the number of CPU cores.

  • protocol_version (int: 1) - Specifies the Nomad protocol version to use when communicating with other Nomad servers. This value is typically not required as the agent internally knows the latest version, but may be useful in some upgrade scenarios.

  • raft_protocol (int: 2) - Specifies the Raft protocol version to use when communicating with other Nomad servers. This affects available Autopilot features and is typically not required as the agent internally knows the latest version, but may be useful in some upgrade scenarios.

  • redundancy_zone (string: "") - (Enterprise-only) Specifies the redundancy zone that this server will be a part of for Autopilot management. For more information, see the Autopilot Guide.

  • rejoin_after_leave (bool: false) - Specifies if Nomad will ignore a previous leave and attempt to rejoin the cluster when starting. By default, Nomad treats leave as a permanent intent and does not attempt to join the cluster again when starting. This flag allows the previous state to be used to rejoin the cluster.

  • server_join (server_join: nil) - Specifies how the Nomad server will connect to other Nomad servers. The retry_join fields may directly specify the server address or use go-discover syntax for auto-discovery. See the server_join documentation for more detail.

  • upgrade_version (string: "") - A custom version of the format X.Y.Z to use in place of the Nomad version when custom upgrades are enabled in Autopilot. For more information, see the Autopilot Guide.

» Deprecated Parameters

  • retry_join (array<string>: []) - Specifies a list of server addresses to retry joining if the first attempt fails. This is similar to start_join, but only invokes if the initial join attempt fails. The list of addresses will be tried in the order specified, until one succeeds. After one succeeds, no further addresses will be contacted. This is useful for cases where we know the address will become available eventually. Use retry_join with an array as a replacement for start_join, do not use both options. See the server_join section for more information on the format of the string. This field is deprecated in favor of the server_join stanza.

  • retry_interval (string: "30s") - Specifies the time to wait between retry join attempts. This field is deprecated in favor of the server_join stanza.

  • retry_max (int: 0) - Specifies the maximum number of join attempts to be made before exiting with a return code of 1. By default, this is set to 0 which is interpreted as infinite retries. This field is deprecated in favor of the server_join stanza.

  • start_join (array<string>: []) - Specifies a list of server addresses to join on startup. If Nomad is unable to join with any of the specified addresses, agent startup will fail. See the server address format section for more information on the format of the string. This field is deprecated in favor of the server_join stanza.

» server Examples

» Common Setup

This example shows a common Nomad agent server configuration stanza. The two IP addresses could also be DNS, and should point to the other Nomad servers in the cluster

server {
  enabled          = true
  bootstrap_expect = 3
  retry_join       = ["1.2.3.4", "5.6.7.8"]
}

» Configuring Data Directory

This example shows configuring a custom data directory for the server data.

server {
  data_dir = "/opt/nomad/server"
}

» Automatic Bootstrapping

The Nomad servers can automatically bootstrap if Consul is configured. For a more detailed explanation, please see the automatic Nomad bootstrapping documentation.

» Restricting Schedulers

This example shows restricting the schedulers that are enabled as well as the maximum number of cores to utilize when participating in scheduling decisions:

server {
  enabled            = true
  enabled_schedulers = ["batch", "service"]
  num_schedulers     = 7
}