» job Stanza

Placement job

The job stanza is the top-most configuration option in the job specification. A job is a declarative specification of tasks that Nomad should run. Jobs have a globally unique name, one or many task groups, which are themselves collections of one or many tasks.

job "docs" {
  constraint {
    # ...
  }

  datacenters = ["us-east-1"]

  group "example" {
    # ...
  }

  meta {
    "my-key" = "my-value"
  }

  parameterized {
    # ...
  }

  periodic {
    # ...
  }

  priority = 100

  region = "north-america"

  task "docs" {
    # ...
  }

  update {
    # ...
  }
}

» job Parameters

  • all_at_once (bool: false) - Controls whether the scheduler can make partial placements if optimistic scheduling resulted in an oversubscribed node. This does not control whether all allocations for the job, where all would be the desired count for each task group, must be placed atomically. This should only be used for special circumstances.

  • constraint (Constraint: nil) - This can be provided multiple times to define additional constraints. See the Nomad constraint reference for more details.

  • datacenters (array<string>: <required>) - A list of datacenters in the region which are eligible for task placement. This must be provided, and does not have a default.

  • group (Group: <required>) - Specifies the start of a group of tasks. This can be provided multiple times to define additional groups. Group names must be unique within the job file.

  • meta (Meta: nil) - Specifies a key-value map that annotates with user-defined metadata.

  • namespace (string: "default") - The namespace in which to execute the job. Values other than default are not allowed in non-Enterprise versions of Nomad.

  • parameterized (Parameterized: nil) - Specifies the job as a parameterized job such that it can be dispatched against.

  • periodic (Periodic: nil) - Allows the job to be scheduled at fixed times, dates or intervals.

  • priority (int: 50) - Specifies the job priority which is used to prioritize scheduling and access to resources. Must be between 1 and 100 inclusively, with a larger value corresponding to a higher priority.

  • region (string: "global") - The region in which to execute the job.

  • type (string: "service") - Specifies the Nomad scheduler to use. Nomad provides the service, system and batch schedulers.

  • update (Update: nil) - Specifies the task's update strategy. When omitted, rolling updates are disabled.

  • vault (Vault: nil) - Specifies the set of Vault policies required by all tasks in this job.

  • vault_token (string: "") - Specifies the Vault token that proves the submitter of the job has access to the specified policies in the vault stanza. This field is only used to transfer the token and is not stored after job submission.

» job Examples

The following examples only show the job stanzas. Remember that the job stanza is only valid in the placements listed above.

» Docker Container

This example job starts a Docker container which runs as a service. Even though the type is not specified as "service", that is the default job type.

job "docs" {
  datacenters = ["default"]

  group "example" {
    task "server" {
      driver = "docker"
      config {
        image = "hashicorp/http-echo"
        args  = ["-text", "hello"]
      }

      resources {
        memory = 128
      }
    }
  }
}

» Batch Job

This example job executes the uptime command on 10 Nomad clients in the fleet, restricting the eligible nodes to Linux machines.

job "docs" {
  datacenters = ["default"]

  type = "batch"

  constraint {
    attribute = "${attr.kernel.name}"
    value     = "linux"
  }

  group "example" {
    count = 10
    task "uptime" {
      driver = "exec"
      config {
        command = "uptime"
      }
    }
  }
}

» Consuming Secrets

This example shows a job which retrieves secrets from Vault and writes those secrets to a file on disk, which the application then consumes. Nomad handles all interactions with Vault.

job "docs" {
  datacenters = ["default"]

  group "example" {
    task "cat" {
      driver = "exec"

      config {
        command = "cat"
        args    = ["local/secrets.txt"]
      }

      template {
        data        = "{{ secret \"secret/data\" }}"
        destination = "local/secrets.txt"
      }

      vault {
        policies = ["secret-readonly"]
      }
    }
  }
}

When submitting this job, you would run:

$ VAULT_TOKEN="..." nomad job run example.nomad