» task Stanza

Placement job -> group -> task

The task stanza creates an individual unit of work, such as a Docker container, web application, or batch processing.

job "docs" {
  group "example" {
    task "server" {
      # ...
    }
  }
}

» task Parameters

  • artifact (Artifact: nil) - Defines an artifact to download before running the task. This may be specified multiple times to download multiple artifacts.

  • config (map<string|string>: nil) - Specifies the driver configuration, which is passed directly to the driver to start the task. The details of configurations are specific to each driver, so please see specific driver documentation for more information.

  • constraint (Constraint: nil) - Specifies user-defined constraints on the task. This can be provided multiple times to define additional constraints.

  • dispatch_payload (DispatchPayload: nil) - Configures the task to have access to dispatch payloads.

  • driver - Specifies the task driver that should be used to run the task. See the driver documentation for what is available. Examples include docker, qemu, java and exec.

  • env (Env: nil) - Specifies environment variables that will be passed to the running process.

  • kill_timeout (string: "5s") - Specifies the duration to wait for an application to gracefully quit before force-killing. Nomad sends an SIGINT. If the task does not exit before the configured timeout, SIGKILL is sent to the task. Note that the value set here is capped at the value set for max_kill_timeout on the agent running the task, which has a default value of 30 seconds.

  • kill_signal (string) - Specifies a configurable kill signal for a task, where the default is SIGINT. Note that this is only supported for drivers sending signals (currently docker, exec, raw_exec, and java drivers).

  • leader (bool: false) - Specifies whether the task is the leader task of the task group. If set to true, when the leader task completes, all other tasks within the task group will be gracefully shutdown.

  • logs (Logs: nil) - Specifies logging configuration for the stdout and stderr of the task.

  • meta (Meta: nil) - Specifies a key-value map that annotates with user-defined metadata.

  • resources (Resources: ) - Specifies the minimum resource requirements such as RAM, CPU and network.

  • service (Service: nil) - Specifies integrations with Consul for service discovery. Nomad automatically registers when a task is started and de-registers it when the task dies.

  • shutdown_delay (string: "0s") - Specifies the duration to wait when killing a task between removing it from Consul and sending it a shutdown signal. Ideally services would fail healthchecks once they receive a shutdown signal. Alternatively shutdown_delay may be set to give in flight requests time to complete before shutting down.

  • user (string: <varies>) - Specifies the user that will run the task. Defaults to nobody for the exec and java drivers. Docker and rkt images specify their own default users. This can only be set on Linux platforms, and clients can restrict which drivers are allowed to run tasks as certain users.

  • template (Template: nil) - Specifies the set of templates to render for the task. Templates can be used to inject both static and dynamic configuration with data populated from environment variables, Consul and Vault.

  • vault ([Vault][]: nil) - Specifies the set of Vault policies required by the task. This overrides any vault block set at the group or job level.

» task Examples

The following examples only show the task stanzas. Remember that the task stanza is only valid in the placements listed above.

» Docker Container

This example defines a task that starts a Docker container as a service. Docker is just one of many drivers supported by Nomad. Read more about drivers in the Nomad drivers documentation.

task "server" {
  driver = "docker"
  config {
    image = "hashicorp/http-echo"
    args  = ["-text", "hello world"]
  }

  resources {
    network {
      mbits = 250
    }
  }
}

» Metadata and Environment Variables

This example uses custom metadata and environment variables to pass information to the task.

task "server" {
  driver = "exec"
  config {
    command = "/bin/env"
  }

  meta {
    my-key = "my-value"
  }

  env {
    MY_KEY = "${meta.my-key}"
  }

  resources {
    cpu = 20
  }
}

» Service Discovery

This example creates a service in Consul. To read more about service discovery in Nomad, please see the Nomad service discovery documentation.

task "server" {
  driver = "docker"
  config {
    image = "hashicorp/http-echo"
    args  = ["-text", "hello world"]
  }

  service {
    tags = ["default"]

    check {
      type     = "tcp"
      interval = "10s"
      timeout  = "2s"
    }
  }

  resources {
    cpu = 20
  }
}